عنوان مقاله [English]
Hadith criticism could be practiced in two areas: text and proof. The second which is among traditional methods in hadith scholarship has been used widely throughout the ages, but as for the first, little effort has been done and its criteria are not yet much recognized.
This article seeks hadith textual criticism criteria by referring to some principles of sharia, to be presented to hadith scholars. Some of these criteria are the contradictions that exist between the given text on the one hand, and Quranic text, the fixed tradition, rational principles, authentic history, and the admitted premises of science on the other; others are the critique of the given text by another recorded hadith, its non-adjustment with the narrator’s question, its being different from well-known Imamite traditions, the critique of the text according to its occasion of occurrence, its non-adjustment with authoritative versions, its opposition to the high dignity of the infallibles, its lengthiness, and its signifying bizarre subjects.