عنوان مقاله [English]
Zahabi describes the concept of individual interpretation in two ways in the Book "Altafsir va Almofaserun": The praiseworthy interpretation and the blameworthy one. He mentions these two kinds evidently and then introduces the various commentaries belonged to the Ashāri's ideology praiseworthily and the others blameworthily. Moreover, Zahabi pointing to the commentators of other religions such as Shiēt besides investigating their interpretations, accuses them to impose their own individual reproachable ideas on verses; for example, according to his evaluation of the Tathir Verse commentary in the Book "Majmā Albayan", he considers the Tabresi's comment being related to the innocence or chastity of Ahl-e-Beit a blameworthy interpretation and believes this interpreter has imposed his private idea on the so-called verse.
Categorization, the identification of evidence plus the case study of Tathir Verse are the main processes used in the recent article to criticize that opinion. At first, it should be noted that categorizing the individual interpretation concept to praiseworthiness and blameworthiness not only is not correct but also is opposed to reliably rational reasons; in other words, referring to different commentaries as praiseworthy or blameworthy ones results from a prejudgment or the condition with no scientific judgment or even recognition about the other basics of reproachable interpretations.
Second, being wrong the viewpoint of Zahabi and his accusation to the Shiēt commentators in this field are proved through analyzing the Tathir Verse carefully in accordance with the valid references in different religions