عنوان مقاله [English]
The fallacy is one of the most important ways of false reasoning and distortion in thinking. Realizing and discerning different types of fallacy keeps the human thought safe from gullibility and superficial comprehension. There are many types of fallacies and even expanding. Hence, it is necessary to enumerate the different fallacies often committed by an ignorant thinker (paralogist), and or a deceiver (philosophies). The punctuality of the verses in terms of debates and the emphasis of the Quran on showing the faces of the fallacy and the way of declaring and overcoming the aberrations indicate that the Holy Qur'an focuses on the style of dialogue in a debate. Reflecting on Qur'anic verses, there are defects in the disbelievers' discussions with divine prophets that can be categorized into already known fallacy types and some new types of fallacies discovered. In this regard, the whole verses studied and many fallacy cases extracted and classified into already known or unprecedented titles. The seven newly introduced titles are unlikelihood, truth and illusion, suspicion, tagging, existence and appearance, oaths, and self-complacency.